Gardening can be fun, but if you really want to take great care of your plants, you need to know what you’re doing. It might seem incredibly simple to someone who doesn’t know anything about gardening, but anyone with a green thumb will tell you that it actually involves a lot of planning and tricks to grow a perfect garden. To simplify it, there are five main things you should focus on when gardening: sun, soil, spacing, water and nutrients. Here are some important tips to tending to your garden this summer.
Be Strategic About Sunlight
A majority of plants, both flowers and vegetables, require about six hours of sunshine per day. However, it’s still smart to read labels or do research on the specific plants that you have in your garden. It’s also important to realize that there are different types of sun, and that plants react in different ways to the types. For example, a “partial sun” gardenia might might not be able to handle the direct afternoon sun, but flourish in the morning hazy sun. Watch your yard closely before selecting a final space for your plants.
Use The Right Soil
You can’t plant your garden in soil that lacks nutrients. There are pH test kits that you can purchase in order to test your soil. This will indicate which plants work best in which areas, and where you need a boost of minerals for an ideal environment. Regardless of the pH preparation, most new plants require a jump start of nutrients. Add either a synthetic soil booster, organic planting materials, such as manure or compost, or an organic fertilizer blends, tailored to your plants
Space The Plants Correctly
When starting a garden, you might be tempted to plant as many things as you can squeeze into the area, but you should absolutely adhere to the spacing recommendations listed on each of the tags. If plants are too close together, they can rob each other of light, water and nutrients, which can make them smaller and more vulnerable to pest and disease damage. It’s also important to note that plants each create their own humidity. Without enough circulation among plants, mildew and rust can spread.
Use a soaker hoses or drip irrigation for watering to limit the weight and pressure put on your plants. If you need to hand water some of your plants, pull the leaves gently out of the way and make sure you only water the roots. Check the tags or look on the internet to find out how much water each of your plants needs. If you live somewhere that gets a lot of rain or moisture, pay careful attention to the leaves of your plants to make sure they’re not affected by fungus. Be careful not to overwater either.
Know Your Nutrients
When it comes to fertilizers, it’s important to know what your plants need. Too much fertilization burns roots, and this eventually inhibits their water absorption. If any of your plants show signs of stress, such as yellowing or spotty leaves and even foliage drop, they probably lack nutrients. Research will give you the best guidance on which types of fertilizer to use for each plant.