When you plant a vegetable garden a significant portion of your time will be spent protecting your new plants from threats. Two major threats to the survival of your vegetable plants are pests and disease. They can overtake your plants and prevent them from thriving or kill them altogether. If you plan correctly and stay consistent there are some effective ways to protect your new vegetable garden from pests and disease.
A common pest for vegetable plants is insects. It can be difficult to keep them out of your vegetable garden because they can do major damage to your plants before you ever realize they are there. One effective and natural way to protect your vegetable garden from these tiny pests is through insect repellant plants. There are herbs and other types of flowers that naturally repel different types of harmful insects. Place these plants throughout your garden for a natural barrier against pests.
Another option for protecting your vegetable garden from insects is to have it sprayed with insecticide. There are insecticides available that are designed specifically for vegetable plants. Look for these at your local hardware store or talk to a garden care professional about the best options.
Insects are not the only type of pest that can threaten your vegetable garden. Digging and burrowing pests such as moles, voles, and gophers can cause problems as well. They can destroy the root systems of your garden with their digging. Voles may even eat away at the bottoms of your plants and kill your garden from below. One option you have for protecting against these pests is planting your garden in raised beds. Raised beds basically lift your garden off the ground and out of the reach of digging and burrowing pests. If you prefer to keep your garden in the ground you can create an underground barrier against moles, voles, and gophers. You can do this by lining the bottom and edges of your garden with chicken wire or a similar product. This will deter the would-be garden destroyers from getting close to your vegetable plants.
Disease can cause widespread damage to your vegetable garden. You can spray your garden to protect against disease in much the same way that you spray for insects. Make sure you choose a spray that is made specifically for vegetable plants.
An element in your garden that can lead to issues with disease is improper drainage. Overwatering or standing water can cause problems with insects and disease in your vegetable garden. Make sure that the water is draining properly in your garden to protect against these issues. If you discover a problem with drainage address it as quickly as possible for the wellbeing of your plants.
One diseased plant in your garden does not mean that all of your vegetables are doomed. However, ignoring the problem with that plant can lead to issues with all the rest of your plants. If you allow the debris from a diseased plant to stay in your garden it can spread the disease to nearby plants. This is why it is very important to remove any dead or diseased plant material from your garden as quickly as possible.
As you can see, there are some very real threats to your new vegetable garden. But, if you are thoughtful with your garden design and diligent with your maintenance you can protect your plants and have a successful harvest.